Varicose veins are enlarged veins that often appear ropey and look blue or red. However, they also often occur deeper under your skin where you are not able to see them. People who suffer from this condition often have a family history of varicose veins. They frequently affect pregnant women and those with occupations that require long periods of standing, such as nurses and teachers.
Varicose veins are caused by unhealthy valves inside the veins. When these valves fail or leak, the blood flows backward through the poorly functioning valve. Gravity causes the blood to gather in the veins and makes them look enlarged, twisted, or full and bulging.
Aside from their unpleasant appearance, side effects of varicose veins include pain, fatigue, itching, burning, swelling, cramping, restlessness, and throbbing. These symptoms can worsen over time.
How Can Varicose Veins Be Treated?
Endovenous laser treatment (sometimes referred to as EVLT) is a minimally invasive laser treatment that requires no hospitalization and no complicated surgery. The entire procedure, from start to finish, takes about an hour and there is very little or no pain. Another advantage to treating varicose veins with ELT is that most insurance plans and Medicare cover it.
For larger varicose veins, our physicians utilize ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy. The ultrasound provides a live view of your veins, allowing the physician to inject the sclerosant into the precise location for the best treatment results. Once the vein is closed, the blood that was circulating through the abnormal vein is naturally rerouted to other healthy veins. Over time, the treated vein is absorbed by the body. Varicose and spider veins can be uncomfortable and may get worse if left untreated.